In order to maintain a healthy blood ph, the body utilizes various compensation mechanisms. The kidneys will secrete bicarbonate ions in response to an increased acid load. This helps balance out the reaction by pulling hydrogen ions out of the solution and thereby lowering the ph value of your blood. When your blood becomes more acidic, this is called metabolic acidosis and can lead to death if not treated quickly.
One of the most common methods for treating metabolic acidosis is intravenous sodium bicarbonate. The increased pH levels will help to balance out your blood and prevent further damage to cells and tissues in the body.
There are other mechanisms used by the body, such as exhalation of carbon dioxide or production of stomach acids that can also increase ph levels. However, these processes don’t work quickly enough when someone has a significant drop in blood ph which requires prompt intervention with medical personnel on-site.
You should always seek emergency treatment if you have any symptoms related to low ph including feeling dizzy, nauseated or having muscle aches throughout your entire body. The kidneys will secrete bicarbonate ions in response.