dragonfly, insect, animal @ Pixabay

Chitin is a substance that occurs naturally in fungi, bacteria and invertebrates. As an antimicrobial agent, it has proven to be effective against many different types of pathogens. However, the question remains: Which type of pathogen should this drug be most effective against?

In this article, we will discuss chitin and its effectiveness as an antimicrobial agent. There are three types of chitin.

maikäfer, beetle, animal @ Pixabay

Type I is found in fungi,

Type II in bacteria and

Type III in invertebrates such as insects (e.g., ants).

Pathogens can be treated with the same type of chitin that they originate from: fungus-type pathogens could be targeted by a drug made from fungal-derived chitin; bacterial-type pathogens could be attacked using a protein derived from bacterially modified chitin or an antimicrobial agent containing this modification, and invertebrate-specific pathogen would use either insecticide or antiseptic based on their respective synthesis methods. The article suggests that there may not only be one way to attack any given illness.

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