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Schizophrenia is a complicated mental disorder that can be difficult to diagnose. This article provides an overview of the symptoms and treatments for schizophrenia, as well as additional information about the disease.

Schizophrenia is a complicated mental disorder that can be very difficult to diagnose. One of the most characteristic symptoms of this disease is lack or loss of conscience, which manifests in episodes called psychoses.

Psychosis occurs when someone has lost touch with reality and may include delusions or hallucinations (see below). A person experiencing psychosis may have trouble with basic daily functioning because they are unable to differentiate between what is real and unreal.

In order for schizophrenia to be diagnosed, there must also be at least two other concurrent positive signs:

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Hallucinations, disorganized speech/behaviour, delusional thoughts or reduced social support needs. These three criteria make up the DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria for Schizophrenia diagnosis. The patient will typically present these signs.

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